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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹日 (OHA), four-corner 26200, composition)

  1. older brother
  2. father's elder brother
  3. senior male 'sire'
  4. feudal rank: count, earl

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 466
  • Dae Jaweon: page 204, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 136, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F2F

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (伯), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 陌
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博陌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣæk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɯak̚/ /paɨjk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pæk › /*pˤrak/ father’s elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
193 0 /*praːɡ/

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はく, romaji haku)

  1. count, earl
  2. eldest brother, eldest uncle
  3. chief official

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(baek, pae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: baek, pae, McCune-Reischauer: paek, p'ae)
  1. ( 백, mat-): eldest (elder) brother
  2. (우두머리 백, udumeori-): chief, chieftain, perhaps, Bek

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, bác)

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References[edit]