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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
兄-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口竹山 (RHU), four-corner 60210, composition)

  1. elder brother

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1343
  • Dae Jaweon: page 259, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 266, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5144

Chinese[edit]

elder brother
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (兄), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 許榮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hwɣiæŋ/ /xi̯wɐŋ/ /xiuɐŋ/ /hʷɯiaŋ/ /hwiajŋ/ /xĭwɐŋ/ /xiuaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiōng ‹ xjwaeng › /*m̥ raŋ/ elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13905 0 /*hmraŋ/ 甲金文象張口呵喝之人,金文有往聲者。疑初與孟同源

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. elder brother

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. one's own elder brother
Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. an elder sibling

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji se)

  1. a woman's brother
  2. a woman's lover or husband
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Compound of ko (child) + no (genitive case marker) + kami (upper).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana このかみ, romaji konokami)

  1. an elder sibling

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeong, hwang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: hyeong, hwang, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, hwang, Yale: hyeng, hwang)
  • Name (hangeul): , 두려워하다 (revised: hyeong, duryeowohada, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, turyŏwŏhada, Yale: hyeng, twuryewehata)
  1. elder brother
  2. fear, dread, be afraid of, stand in fear of, be frightened at, have a horror of

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huynh)

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