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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
上-order.gif
Stroke order
上-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

上 in its shell and bone form is an ideogram (指事) that shows the concept of up by showing one line above another (contrast ). The shell and bone form evolved into 上, the character used today.

上 上 上 上
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 卜一 (YM), four-corner 21100, composition)

  1. (prep) above, over
  2. (adj) last, former, prior
  3. (adj) above, higher
  4. (v) go up, send up

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 76, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13
  • Dae Jaweon: page 145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 5, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E0A

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (上), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 時掌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋX/ /ʑi̯aŋX/ /ʑiaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɐŋX/ /d͡ʑɨaŋX/ /ʑĭaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɑŋX/
Character (上), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 時亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋH/ /ʑi̯aŋH/ /ʑiaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɐŋH/ /d͡ʑɨaŋH/ /ʑĭaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàng ‹ dzyangH › /*daŋʔ-s {*[d]aŋʔ-s}/ top, above (n.)
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*Cə.daŋʔ {*Cə.[d]aŋʔ}/ ascend
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*m-daŋʔ {*m-[d]aŋʔ}/ to put up
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11102 0 /*djaŋʔ/
11103 0 /*djaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. on; above; upper
  2. preceding; previous; last
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]shàng nián [Pinyin] — last year
  3. first
  4. board; get on
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Qǐng shàng chē. [Pinyin]
      Please get into the car.
  5. go to; leave for
  6. to attend (class, work)
  7. (archaic) refering to the emperor

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

upe → uɸe → uwe → ue.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うえ, romaji ue, historical hiragana うへ)

  1. the above
  2. the top (position, or direction)
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

upa → uɸa → uwa.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うわ, romaji uwa, historical hiragana うは)

  1. upper, over
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

/kami1/ *[kami] → /kami/ [kami].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. the start
  2. a high place; the top
  3. one with a high rank

Etymology 4[edit]

/zyau/ → /zyoː/ [dʑoː]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana じやう)

  1. first volume in a two- or three-volume set
Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana じょう, romaji -jō)

  1. from the standpoint of
  2. aboard (a plane or ship)
  3. above, in, on
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sang, McCune-Reischauer: sang)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: wit, McCune-Reischauer: wit)
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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thượng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.