上下

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

上下

  1. high and low
  2. from top to bottom
  3. up and down
  4. old and young
  5. relative superiority or inferiority

Postposition[edit]

上下

  1. about; or so

Verb[edit]

上下

  1. to go up and down

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1

Etymology 1[edit]

(ue, above) +‎ (shita, below)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana うえした, romaji ueshita)

  1. upside-down
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(, first volume) +‎ (ge, last volume)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana じょうげ, romaji jōge)

  1. going up and down; rising and falling; fluctuating
  2. going and coming back
  3. first and second volumes
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(kami, top) +‎ (shimo, lower portion)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana かみしも, romaji kamishimo)

  1. samurai costume
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

(shō, above a situation) +‎ (ka, under a situation)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana しょうか, romaji shōka)

  1. upper and lower classes; ruler and ruled; the government and the people

Verb[edit]

上下 + する (hiragana しょうかする, romaji shōka suru)

  1. to go up and down; to go high and low; to go above and below

Etymology 5[edit]

(, first) +‎ (ka, under a situation)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana じょうか, romaji jōka)

  1. top and bottom; up and down; high and low; above and below; upper and lower ends

Verb[edit]

上下 + する (hiragana じょうかする, romaji jōka suru)

  1. to go up and down; to go high and low; to go above and below

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3