上下

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

上下

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) high and low
  2. (Intermediate Mandarin) from top to bottom
  3. (Intermediate Mandarin) up and down
  4. (Intermediate Mandarin) old and young
  5. (Intermediate Mandarin) relative superiority or inferiority

Postposition[edit]

上下

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) about; or so

Verb[edit]

上下

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) to go up and down

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1

Etymology 1[edit]

(ue, above) +‎ (shita, below)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana うえした, romaji ueshita)

  1. upside-down
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(, first volume) +‎ (ge, last volume)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana じょうげ, romaji jōge)

  1. going up and down; rising and falling; fluctuating
  2. going and coming back
  3. first and second volumes
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(kami, top) +‎ (shimo, lower portion)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana かみしも, romaji kamishimo)

  1. samurai costume
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

(shō, above a situation) +‎ (ka, under a situation)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana しょうか, romaji shōka)

  1. upper and lower classes; ruler and ruled; the government and the people

Verb[edit]

上下 + する (hiragana しょうかする, romaji shōka suru)

  1. to go up and down; to go high and low; to go above and below

Etymology 5[edit]

(, first) +‎ (ka, under a situation)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

上下 (hiragana じょうか, romaji jōka)

  1. top and bottom; up and down; high and low; above and below; upper and lower ends

Verb[edit]

上下 + する (hiragana じょうかする, romaji jōka suru)

  1. to go up and down; to go high and low; to go above and below

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3