loom

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See also: lõõm and lom

English[edit]

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A loom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lome, from Old English lōma, ġelōma (tool, utensil, implement, article of furniture, household effect) (also as andlōma, andġelōma, andlāma (utensil, instrument, implement, tool, vessel), of uncertain origin. Cognate with Middle Dutch allame (tool). Perhaps originally meaning "a thing of frequent use", in which case, akin to Old English ġelōme (often, frequently, continually, repeatedly), from Proto-Germanic *ga- + Proto-Germanic *lōmiz, *lōmijaz (lame, halt), from Proto-Indo-European *lem- (to break, soften). Compare Old High German giluomo, kilōmo (often, frequently), Old English lama (lame). See lame.

Noun[edit]

loom (plural looms)

  1. A utensil; tool; a weapon; (usually in compound) an article in general.
    heirloom, workloom
  2. A frame or machine of wood or other material, in which a weaver forms cloth out of thread; a machine for interweaving yarn or threads into a fabric, as in knitting or lace making.
    • Rambler
      Hector, when he sees Andromache overwhelmed with terror, sends her for consolation to the loom and the distaff.
  3. That part of an oar which is near the grip or handle and inboard from the rowlock
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

loom (plural looms)

  1. (dated) loon (bird of order Gaviformes)
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Norse ljóma (to shine)[1]

Verb[edit]

loom (third-person singular simple present looms, present participle looming, simple past and past participle loomed)

  1. to impend; to threaten or hang over.
    The clouds loomed over the mountains.
    • 2011 August 7, Chris Bevan, “Man City 2 - 3 Man Utd”, BBC Sport:
      With no extra-time to be played and penalties looming, the Portuguese winger pounced on some hesitant City defending to run on to a Wayne Rooney clearance, round Joe Hart and slot home.
  2. To rise and to be eminent; to be elevated or ennobled, in a moral sense.
    • J. M. Mason
      On no occasion does he [Paul] loom so high, and shine so gloriously, as in the context.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ loom in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

loom (comparative lomer, superlative loomst)

  1. lazy, pleasantly slow

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

loom

  1. lazily

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

loom (genitive looma, partitive looma)

  1. animal

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]