parliament

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin parlamentum and its sources, Anglo-Norman and Old French parlement (discussion, meeting, assembly, council), from parler (to speak), and -ment (mind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

parliament (plural parliaments)

  1. Meanings relating to a political body authorized to exercise governmental powers.
    1. An institution whose elected or appointed members meet to debate the major political issues of the day and usually to exercise legislative powers and sometimes judicial powers.
      • 2011 December 14, Angelique Chrisafis, “Rachida Dati accuses French PM of sexism and elitism”, The Guardian:
        The row started over who will run for parliament in a wealthy rightwing constituency on the left bank in Paris, a safe seat for Sarkozy's ruling UMP. Dati is already a local mayor in the neighbourhood, a job felt to have been handed to her on a plate when she was a Sarkozy favourite. She has since fallen from grace, and when she left government she took a European parliament seat, considered a consolation prize.
    2. A group of representatives elected or appointed to serve as a parliament (in sense 1 above) for a fixed period of time.
      Following the general election, Jane Doe took her oath of office as a member of the nation's fifth parliament.
      • 1633, John Hay editor, The Acts Made in the First Parliament of our Most High and Dread Soveraigne Charles [I], by the Grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c.: Holden by Himselfe, Present in Person, with His Three Estates, at Edinburgh, upon the Twentie Eight Day of Iune, Anno Domini 1633, Edinburgh: Printed by Robert Young, printer to the Kings most excellent Maiestie, OCLC 606535094:
        The acts made in the first Parliament of our most high and dread soveraigne Charles, by the grace of God, King of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. [] [book title]
  2. A collective noun for a flock of owls or rooks.
  3. (historical) Parliament cake; a type of gingerbread.
    • 1869, RD Blackmoore, Lorna Doone, Chapter II:
      A certain boy leaning up against me would not allow my elbow room, and struck me very sadly in the stomach part, though his own was full of my parliament.

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