rook

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See also: röök

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A rook (bird)

Middle English rok, roke, from Old English hrōc, from Proto-Germanic *hrōkaz (compare Saterland Frisian Rouk, Dutch roek, obsolete German Ruch), from Proto-Indo-European *kVr-c 'crow, raven' (compare Middle Irish cerc 'hen', Old Prussian kerko 'loon, diver', dialectal Bulgarian крокон (krókon) 'raven', Ancient Greek κόραξ (kóraks) 'falcon', Old Armenian ագռաւ (agṙaw), Avestan kahrkatat 'rooster' [script?], Sanskrit कृकर (kṛkara) 'rooster'), Ukrainian крук (kruk, raven).

Noun[edit]

rook (plural rooks)

  1. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
    • Pennant
      The rook [] should be treated as the farmer's friend.
  2. A cheat or swindler; someone who betrays.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wycherley to this entry?)
  3. (UK) a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
Synonyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rook (third-person singular simple present rooks, present participle rooking, simple past and past participle rooked)

  1. (transitive) To cheat or swindle.
    • 1974, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, p. 311:
      Some had spent a week in Jersey before coming to Guernsey; and, from what Paddy had heard, they really do know how to rook the visitors over there.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A rook (chess)

From Old French roc, ultimately from Persian رخ (rox). Compare roc.

Noun[edit]

rook (plural rooks)

  1. (chess) A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
  2. (rare) A castle or other fortification.
  3. An Amish card game.
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From rookie.

Noun[edit]

rook (plural rooks)

  1. (baseball, slang) A rookie.

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

rook (uncountable)

  1. mist; fog; roke

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

rook (third-person singular simple present rooks, present participle rooking, simple past and past participle rooked)

  1. (obsolete) To squat; to ruck.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rooc, from Old Dutch *rōk, rouc, from Proto-Germanic *raukiz. Cognates include Low German Röök, West Frisian reek, English reek, German Rauch, Danish røg, Swedish rök. See also ruiken, rieken.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rook m (uncountable)

  1. smoke
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rook

  1. first-person singular present indicative of roken
  2. imperative of roken

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rook

  1. singular past indicative of ruiken
  2. singular past indicative of rieken

Anagrams[edit]