From Middle English knight, kniht, from Old English cniht, cneht, cneoht (“boy, youth, servant, attendant, retainer, disciple, warrior, boyhood, junior member of a guild”), from Proto-Germanic *knehtaz (compare Dutch knecht (“attendant, servant”), German Knecht (“lad, slave”)), originally ‘billet (wood), block of wood’ (compare Dutch laarzeknecht (“boot-jack”), dialectal German Knüchtel (“bat, club”)), from Proto-Indo-European *gnegʰ-, from *gen- ‘to ball up, pinch, compress’.
knight (plural knights)
- A warrior, especially of the Middle Ages.
- King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
- A young servant or follower; a military attendant.
- Nowadays, a person on whom a knighthood has been conferred by a monarch.
- (chess) A chess piece, often in the shape of a horse's head, that is moved two squares in one direction and one at right angles to that direction in a single move, leaping over any intervening pieces.
- (card games, dated) A playing card bearing the figure of a knight; the knave or jack.
- (chess piece): horse (rare)
Terms derived from the noun knight
warrior, especially of the Middle Ages
- Afrikaans: ridder
- Albanian: kalorës m
- Arabic: فارس (ar) m (fāris)
- Armenian: ասպետ (aspet)
- Aromanian: caballeru m
- Basque: zaldun
- Belarusian: рыцар m (rýcar), віцязь m (vícjazʹ) (Slavic)
- Breton: marc'heg (br)
- Bulgarian: рицар (bg) m (rícar)
- Catalan: cavaller (ca) m
- Mandarin: 騎士 (zh), 骑士 (zh) (qíshì), 大俠 (zh), 大侠 (dàxiá), 爵士 (zh) (juéshì)
- Cornish: marghek m, marghoges f
- Czech: rytíř (cs) m, vítěz (cs)
- Danish: ridder (da) c
- Dutch: ridder (nl) m
- Esperanto: kavaliro
- Estonian: rüütel
- Finnish: ritari (fi)
- French: chevalier (fr) m
- Middle French: chevalier m
- Old French: chevalier m
- Friulian: cavalîr m
- Galician: cabaleiro (gl) m, cabaleira f
- Georgian: რაინდი (raindi)
- German: Ritter (de) m
- Greek: ιππότης (el) m (ippótis) (ippótis)
- Hebrew: פרש (he) m (parash), אביר (he) m (abír)
- Hungarian: lovag (hu)
- Icelandic: riddari (is) m
- Ido: kavaliero (io)
- Indonesian: ksatria (id)
- Irish: ridire m
- Italian: cavaliere (it) m
- Japanese: 騎士 (ja) (きし, kishi)
- Khmer: អស្សឬទ្ធិ (ahsa’ rɨɨ tʰi’)
- Korean: 기사 (ko) (gisa) (騎士 (ko))
- Kurdish: şovalye (ku)
- Sorani: سوارا (ku) (swara)
person on whom a knighthood has been conferred
From Middle English knighten, kniȝten, from the noun. Cognate with Middle High German knehten.
knight (third-person singular simple present knights, present participle knighting, simple past and past participle knighted)
- (transitive) To confer knighthood upon.
- The king knighted the young squire.
- (chess, transitive) To promote (a pawn) to a knight.
Terms derived from the verb to knight
to confer a knighthood upon
knight (plural knights)