estate

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English[edit]

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 Estate on Wikipedia

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman astat, from Old French estat (French: état).

Noun[edit]

estate (plural estates)

  1. (now rare, archaic) state; condition [from 13th c.]
    • Shakespeare
      when I came to man's estate
    • Bible, Romans xii. 16
      Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate.
  2. (archaic) status, rank [from 13th c.]
    • Jeremy Taylor
      God hath imprinted his authority in several parts, upon several estates of men.
  3. (archaic) The condition of one's fortunes; prosperity, possessions [from 14th c.]
  4. (obsolete) A "person of estate"; a nobleman or noblewoman [14th-17th c.]
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XVI:
      and anone cam oute of a chambir unto hym the fayryst lady that ever he saw, and more rycher beseyne than ever was Quene Guenyver or ony other astate.
    • Landor
      She's a duchess, a great estate.
    • Bible, Mark vi. 21
      Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee.
  5. (historical) A major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights (Estates of the realm) [from 14th c.]
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial 2007, p. 115:
      I am afraid that some of the nobles who are campaigning for it simply want to use the Estates to cut down the King's power and increase their own.
    • 2011, Norman Davies, Vanished Kingdoms, Penguin 2012, p. 202:
      The three estates of feudal lords, clergy and royal officers met in separate chambers, and exercised an advisory role.
  6. (law) The nature and extent of a person's interest in, or ownership of, land [from 15th c.]
  7. An (especially extensive) area of land, under a single ownership [from 18th c.]
  8. The collective property and liabilities of someone, especially a deceased person [from 19th c.]
  9. (UK) A housing estate [from 20th c.]
  10. (UK, automotive) A station wagon; a car with a tailgate (or liftgate) and storage space to the rear of the seating which is coterminous with the passenger compartment (and often extensible into that compartment via folding or removable seating) [from 20th c.]
  11. (obsolete) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.
    • Francis Bacon
      I call matters of estate not only the parts of sovereignty, but whatsoever [] concerneth manifestly any great portion of people.

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Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian.

Noun[edit]

estate (plural estates)

  1. summer

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aestātem, accusative of aestās.

Noun[edit]

estate f (plural estati)

  1. summer

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Novial[edit]

Noun[edit]

estate (plural estates)

  1. estate

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

estate

  1. Compound of the informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of estar, está and the pronoun te.