land

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Land and -land

English[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English land, lond, from Old English land, lond (earth, land, soil, ground; defined piece of land, territory, realm, province, district; landed property; country (not town); ridge in a ploughed field), from Proto-Germanic *landą (land), from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Scots land (land), West Frisian lân (land), Dutch land (land), German Land (land, country, state), Swedish land (land, country, shore, territory), Icelandic land (land). Non-Germanic cognates include Old Irish lann (heath), Welsh llan (enclosure), Breton lann (heath), Old Church Slavonic lędо from Proto-Slavic *lenda (heath, wasteland) and Albanian lëndinë (heath, grassland) from lëndë (matter, substance).

Noun[edit]

land (countable and uncountable, plural lands)

  1. The part of Earth which is not covered by oceans or other bodies of water.
    Most insects live on land.
  2. Real estate or landed property; a partitioned and measurable area which is owned and on which buildings can be erected.
    There are 50 acres of land in this estate.
  3. A country or region.
    They come from a faraway land.
  4. A person's country of origin and/or homeplace; homeland.
  5. The soil, in respect to its nature or quality for farming.
    wet land; good or bad land for growing potatoes
  6. (often in combination) realm, domain.
    I'm going to Disneyland.
    Maybe that's how it works in TV-land, bu not in the real world.
  7. (agriculture) The ground left unploughed between furrows; any of several portions into which a field is divided for ploughing.
  8. (Ireland, colloquial) A fright.
    He got an awful land when the police arrived.
  9. (electronics) A conducting area on a board or chip which can be used for connecting wires.
  10. In a compact disc or similar recording medium, an area of the medium which does not have pits.
  11. (travel) The non-airline portion of an itinerary. Hotel, tours, cruises, etc.
    Our city offices sell a lot more land than our suburban offices.
  12. (obsolete) The ground or floor.
    • Spenser
      Herself upon the land she did prostrate.
  13. (nautical) The lap of the strakes in a clinker-built boat; the lap of plates in an iron vessel; called also landing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  14. In any surface prepared with indentations, perforations, or grooves, that part of the surface which is not so treated, such as the level part of a millstone between the furrows.
    1. (ballistics) The space between the rifling grooves in a gun.
    • 2008 August 1, Lisa Steele, “Ballistics”, in Eric York Drogin editor, Science for Lawyers, American Bar Association, page 16:
      The FBI maintains a database, the General Rifling Characteristics (GRC) file, which is organized by caliber, number of lands and grooves, direction of twist, and width of lands and grooves, to help an examiner figure out the origin of a recovered bullet.
    • 2012 November 15, Jonny Lee Miller as Sherlock Holmes, “One Way to Get Off”, Elementary season 1 episode 7:
      The human eye is a precision instrument. It can detect grooves and lands on a slug more efficiently than any computer.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

land (third-person singular simple present lands, present participle landing, simple past and past participle landed)

  1. (intransitive) To descend to a surface, especially from the air.
    The plane is about to land.
  2. (dated) To alight, to descend from a vehicle.
    • 1859, “Rules adopted by the Sixth Avenue Railway, N. Y.”, quoted in Alexander Easton, A Practical Treatise on Street or Horse-Power Railways, page 108:
      10. You will be civil and attentive to passengers, giving proper assistance to ladies and children getting in or out, and never start the car before passengers are fairly received or landed.
  3. (intransitive) To come into rest.
  4. (intransitive) To arrive at land, especially a shore, or a dock, from a body of water.
  5. (transitive) To bring to land.
    It can be tricky to land a helicopter.
    Use the net to land the fish.
    • Shakespeare
      I'll undertake to land them on our coast.
  6. (transitive) To acquire; to secure.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, BBC Sport:
      As Di Matteo celebrated and captain John Terry raised the trophy for the fourth time, the Italian increased his claims to become the permanent successor to Andre Villas-Boas by landing a trophy.
  7. (transitive) To deliver.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

land (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to land.
  2. Residing or growing on land.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

land (uncountable)

  1. lant; urine

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Statistics[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch land, from Old Dutch lant, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun[edit]

land (plural lande)

  1. country; nation

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n (singular definite landet, plural indefinite lande)

  1. country (nation state)
  2. land
Usage notes[edit]

In compounds: land-, lande-, lands-, -land.

Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See lande (to land).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

land

  1. Imperative of lande.

Etymology 3[edit]

From land (country). Possibly influenced by proper nouns like English Disneyland and Danish Legoland. [from 1969]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-lan/, [-ˌlanˀ]

Noun[edit]

*land n

  1. (bound morpheme, only used as the last part of compounds) a large area or facility dedicated to a certain type of activity or merchandise
Compounds[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch lant, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Compare German Land, West Frisian lân, English and Danish land.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n (plural landen, diminutive landje n)

  1. land; country

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

land

  1. first-person singular present indicative of landen
  2. imperative of landen

Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun[edit]

land

  1. country; nation

Faroese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun[edit]

land n (genitive singular lands, plural lond)

  1. land
  2. coast
  3. country, nation
  4. ground, soil
  5. the state
Declension[edit]
n8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landið lond londini
Accusative land landið lond londini
Dative landi landinum londum londunum
Genitive lands landsins landa landanna
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hland, from Proto-Germanic *hlandą, from Proto-Indo-European *klān- (liquid, wet ground). Cognate with Lithuanian klanas (pool, puddle, slop).

Noun[edit]

land n (genitive singular lands, uncountable)

  1. (uncountable) urine
Declension[edit]
n8 Singular
Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landið
Accusative land landið
Dative landi landinum
Genitive lands landsins

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

land

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n (genitive singular lands, nominative plural lönd)

  1. (uncountable) land, earth, ground (part of the Earth not under water)
  2. (countable) country
    Japan er fallegt land.
    Japan is a beautiful country.
  3. (uncountable) countryside, country
    Ég bý úti á landi.
    I live in the country.
  4. (uncountable) land, as a mass noun, measurable in quantity
  5. (countable) tracts of land, aestate
    Ég á þetta land og allt sem er á því.
    I own this land and everything on it.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n

  1. country
  2. land

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “land” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Old Saxon land, Old Frisian land, lond, Old Dutch lant (Dutch land), Old High German lant (German Land), Old Norse land (Swedish land), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳 (land). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Celtic *landā (Welsh llan ‘enclosure’, Breton lann ‘heath’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n

  1. land

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Germanic *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Old Saxon land, Old Frisian land, lond, Old English land, lond, Old Dutch lant, Old High German lant, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳 (land).

Noun[edit]

land n

  1. land

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Old English land, lond, Old Frisian land, lond, Dutch land, Old High German lant (German Land), Old Norse land (Swedish land), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳 (land). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Celtic *landā (Welsh llan ‘enclosure’, Breton lann ‘heath’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n

  1. land

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • German Low German: Land

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Land.

Noun[edit]

land m

  1. (Poznań dialect) rural area: the country(side)

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

land n

  1. a land, a country, a nation, a state
  2. (uncountable) land, ground, earth, territory; as opposed to sea or air
    land i sikte!
    land in sight!
    efter kriget tvangs förlorande staterna avträda mycket land
    after the war, the losing states had to cede much land
  3. (uncountable) land, countryside, earth, ground suitable for farming; as opposed to towns and cities
    livet på landet
    life in the countryside
    stad och land
    town and country
  4. a garden plot, short for trädgårdsland; small piece of ground for growing vegetables, flowers, etc.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (country): nation
  • (neither sea nor air): backe, landbacke, mark
  • (ground suitable for farming): mark (owned land in general, for farming or not)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]