ցամաք

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ցամաք (cʿamakʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ) (superlative ամենացամաք)

  1. dry
  2. (figuratively) lifeless

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ)

  1. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    ցամաքով գնալcʿamakʿov gnal ― to go by land

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ցամաք in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume IV, page 448

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Martirosyan, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) via Pre-Armenian *dʰǵʰm̥m-eh₂-k-eh₂-.

Martirosyan does not accept the proposals which link the word with Sanskrit क्षाम (kṣāmá, scorched, singed), because they usually reconstruct initial Proto-Indo-European *ks-, which in Armenian probably yields չ- (čʿ-) (compare չոր (čʿor)).

Ačaṙyan rejects the Indo-European origin of the word and considers ցամաք (cʿamakʿ) a Semitic borrowing, comparing Hebrew צמק (ṣmq, to dry, shrivel), Arabic صامق (ṣāmiq, thirsty; hungry), but this is considered less probable by Martirosyan.

Adjective[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ

  1. dry, arid
    ցամաք կղզիcʿamakʿ kłzi ― peninsula
    ցամաք երկիրcʿamakʿ erkir ― dry land
    հաց ցամաքhacʿ cʿamakʿ ― dry bread
    ցամաք փայտcʿamakʿ pʿayt ― dry wood
    ցամաք աչօքcʿamakʿ ačʿōkʿ ― with tearless or dry eyes

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցամաք (cʿamakʿ

  1. dryness
    զցամաք ծարաւոյն շիջուցանելzcʿamakʿ carawoyn šiǰucʿanel ― to quench or allay thirst
  2. earth, dry land (as opposed to water)
    յածիլ ընդ ծով եւ ընդ ցամաքyacil ənd cov ew ənd cʿamakʿ ― to scour sea and land
    անցանել ընդ ցամաքancʿanel ənd cʿamakʿ ― to pass dry-footed, dry-shod
    ելանել/իջանել ի ցամաքelanel/iǰanel i cʿamakʿ ― to land, to go ashore or on shore
    հասանել ի ցամաքhasanel i cʿamakʿ ― to reach the shore
    ցամաք երթալ, անցանելcʿamakʿ ertʿal, ancʿanel ― to travel by land

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ցամաք in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ցամաք in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 499
  • ցամաք in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume IV, page 448
  • “k̂sā-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume II, page 624
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The Noun in Biblical Armenian, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, page 71
  • ցամաք in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 741ab
  • “c‘amak‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 621–623