several

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman several, from Medieval Latin sēparālis, from Latin sēpar (separate).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛv(ə)ɹəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sev‧er‧al

Determiner[edit]

several

  1. Separate, distinct; particular. [15th-19th century]
    • 1603, John Florio, trans. Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.42:
      He had a religion apart: a God severall unto himselfe, whom his subjects might no waies adore.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.i.4.2:
      So one thing may be good and bad to several parties, upon diverse occasions.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly): 
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. Local trains would use side-by-side rails to roll alongside intercity trains and allow passengers to switch trains by stepping through docking bays. This set-up solves several problems […].
    • Dryden
      Each several ship a victory did gain.
    • Alexander Pope
      Each might his several province well command, / Would all but stoop to what they understand.
  2. A number of different; various. (Now merged into later senses, below) [from 16th century]
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 3 scene 1
      [...] for several virtues / Have I lik'd several women; never any / With so full soul but some defect in her / Did quarrel with the noblest grace she ow'd, / And put it to the foil [...]
    • Francis Bacon
      habits and faculties, several, and to be distinguished
    • Dryden
      Four several armies to the field are led.
  3. Consisting of a number more than two or three but not very many; diverse. [from 17th century]
    • 1784, William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., preface:
      The favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others ; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, The China Governess[1]:
      Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. Their bases were on a level with the pavement outside, a narrow way which was several feet lower than the road behind the house.
    • 2004, The Guardian, 6 Nov 2004:
      Several people were killed and around 150 injured after a high-speed train hit a car on a level crossing and derailed tonight.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55: 
      The solitary, lumbering trolls of Scandinavian mythology would sometimes be turned to stone by exposure to sunlight. Barack Obama is hoping that several measures announced on June 4th will have a similarly paralysing effect on their modern incarnation, the patent troll.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Adverb[edit]

several (not comparable)

  1. By itself; severally.
    • Robynson (More's Utopia)
      Every kind of thing is laid up several in barns or storehouses.

Noun[edit]

several (plural severals)

  1. (obsolete) An area of land in private ownership (as opposed to common land).
  2. Each particular taken singly; an item; a detail; an individual.
  3. (archaic) An enclosed or separate place; enclosure.

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

several m

  1. separate

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

several m (oblique plural severaus, nominative singular severaus, nominative plural several)

  1. one's own property or possession

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

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