chip

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See also: Chip, CHIP, and ChIP

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English chip from Old English ċipp "log, beam, small piece of wood" from Proto-Germanic *kip(p)az (log, beam). Akin to Old Saxon kip "post", Old High German kipfa, chipfa "axle, stave", Old Norse keppr "cudgel, club". Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian cifël (chip, splinter).

Noun[edit]

chip (plural chips)

A computer chip.
A plate of potato chips (UK).
A pile of potato chips (US).
  1. A small piece broken from a larger piece of solid material.
  2. A damaged area of a surface where a small piece has been broken off.
    This cup has a chip in it.
  3. (games, gambling) A token used in place of cash.
    • 2002, Albert H. Moorehead, Hoyle′s Rules of Games, page 46,
      If the second player does raise three chips, and all the other players drop, the player who opened may stay in by putting three more chips in the pot, for then he will have put in precisely as many chips as the second player.
  4. (electronics) A circuit fabricated in one piece on a small, thin substrate.
    • 1986 September 1, Tom Moran, Lisa L. Spiegelman, New Chip Said to Contain Seven PC AT Chip Functions, InfoWorld, page 5,
      But sources close to the company said the chip contains two direct memory access controllers, two interrupt controllers, a timer, a memory mapper from Texas Instruments, and a Motorola Inc. real-time clock.
  5. (electronics) A hybrid device mounted in a substrate, containing electronic circuitry and miniaturised mechanical, chemical and/or biochemical devices.
    • 2002, Koji Ikuta, Atsushi Takahashi, Kota Ikeda, Shoji Maruo, User-Assembly Fully Integrated Micro Chemical Laboratory Using Biochemical IC Chips for Wearable/Implantable Applications, Yoshinobu Baba, Shuichi Shoji, Albert van den Berg (editors), Micro Total Analysis Systems 2002: Proceedings of the μTAS 2002 Symposium, Volume 1, page 38,
      Fig. 4(a) shows a schematic design of the micropump chip.
    • 2007, Elisabeth S. Papazoglou, Aravind Parthasarathy, Bionanotechnology, page 6,
      Fig. 0.3 is an image of the front and back views of a drug delivery microchip made of silicon and painted with gold, with a U.S. dime (10 cents). The chip in the picture consists of 34 nano-sized wells each of which is capable of housing 24 nl (nano liters) of drug. It is possible to make at least 400 wells or even 1000 or more in these chips which are very inexpensive, costing less tham $20 [22, 23].
  6. (UK, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand) A fried strip of potato of square or rectangular cross-section; a french fry.
    Do you want sauce or mayonnaise on your chips?
  7. (US, Australia and New Zealand) A crisp, fried, thin slice of vegetable, usually potato.
    potato chip, tortilla chip
  8. (sports) A shot during which the ball travels more predominantly upwards than in a regular shot, as to clear an obstacle.
    • 2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “Arsenal 2 - 1 Olympiakos”, BBC Sport:
      Oxlade-Chamberlain saw his attempted chip well blocked by goalkeeper Costanzo at the start of the second half.
  9. (curling) A takeout that hits a rock at an angle.
  10. A dried piece of dung used as fuel.
  11. (New Zealand, northern) A receptacle, usually for strawberries or other fruit.
  12. (cooking) A small, near-conical piece of food added in baking.
    chocolate chip
  13. A small rectangle of colour printed on coated paper for colour selection and matching. A virtual equivalent in software applications.
  14. (nautical) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line.
  15. (historical) Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets.
  16. (archaic, derogatory) Anything dried up, withered, or without flavour.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

chip (third-person singular simple present chips, present participle chipping, simple past and past participle chipped)

  1. (transitive) To break into small pieces.
    The workers chipped the dead branches into mulch.
  2. (transitive) To break small pieces from.
    Be careful not to chip the paint.
  3. (transitive, golf) To play a shot hitting the ball predominately upwards rather than forwards.
  4. (transitive, automotive) to upgrade an engine management system, usually to increase power.
  5. (intransitive) To become chipped.
    This varnish chips easily.
  6. (intransitive, card games, often with "in") To ante (up).
  7. (transitive, informal) To fit (an animal) with a microchip.
  8. (UK, transitive, often with "in") to contribute.
    Everyone needs to chip in £1 for George's leaving collection

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chip m

  1. Lenited form of cip.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English

Noun[edit]

chip m (invariable)

  1. chip (small electronic component)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hungarian kép

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chip n (plural chipuri)

  1. face, likeness
  2. picture, image

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English chip.

Noun[edit]

chip m (plural chips)

  1. chip (circuit)