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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
国-bw.png
Stroke order
国-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
国-jorder.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from  ( → )

In this simplified form, this character consists of 玉, the Chinese character for jade (or precious stone or gem) (representing the emperor), enclosed by the character meaning "erect," "proud," or "upright". In the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 the character 国 is not included, but other characters like 囯, 囶 and 圀 are, as well as a character made up of three 秦. 國 is the original character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), composition)

  1. nation, country, nation-state

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping gwok3, Yale gwok3)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The on'yomi is used in compounds like 国語 (こくご, Kokugo: "national language", i.e. Japanese) or 中国 (ちゅうごく, Chūgoku: China; the Chūgoku region of central Japan). In many compounds where the character does not come first, koku changes to goku due to rendaku (連濁).

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(guk) (hangeul , revised guk, McCune-Reischauer kuk)

Note: This Hanja character is not used or recognized in Korea. They teach only the original .


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin guó
Zhuyin ㄍㄨㄛˊ
IPA (key) /ku̯ɔ³⁵/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guó, traditional )

  1. country; nation

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin guó (guo2), Wade-Giles kuo2)

Compounds[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , POJ kok (kok4))

Pronunciation[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quốc)

References[edit]