-ment

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin -amentum, from -mentum via Old French -ment.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, the nouns having the sense of "the action or result of what is denoted by the verb".

Usage notes[edit]

Generally attached to stem without changes, except when the stem ends in -dge, where the -e is sometimes dropped, as in abridgment, acknowledgment, judgment, and lodgment, with the forms without -e being preferred in American English. Of these, judgment is the most significant, and usage varies globally; see Judgment: Spelling for discussion.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, from the feminine singular form of an adjective. compare English -wise, -ly.

Usage notes[edit]

The adverbs created with -ment have two stressed syllabes: the original of the adjective, and the one of the suffix. For exaple: ràpidament IPA(key): /ˈra.pi.ðə.ˈmen/ ("quickly").

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective), most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: rapidement

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -mentum, from PIE *-men- plus *-teh₂-.

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -hood.
    Examples: parement, abandonnement, maniement

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment n

  1. -ment

Derived terms[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin mente, the ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective)

Derived terms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
  2. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -hood.

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -mentum

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. -ment; suffix used to form nouns

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: hastivement

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -hood.
    Example: bastissement

Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ment

  1. -ment; form nouns from verbs. See also -mang.

Derived terms[edit]