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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ancient simplification of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹木口 (HDR), four-corner 26900, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 185, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3490
  • Dae Jaweon: page 404, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 602, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+548C

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronounciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (和), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸戈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɦuɑ/ /ɦwa/ /ɣuɑ/ /ɣuɑ/
Character (和), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡卧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑH/ /ɣuɑH/ /ɣuɑH/ /ɦuɑH/ /ɦwaH/ /ɣuɑH/ /ɣuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hwa › /*[ɢ]ˤoj/ harmonious
‹ hwaH › /*[ɢ]ˤoj-s/ tune (instruments); respond in singing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4932 3 /*ɡoːl/
4937 3 /*ɡoːls/

Adjective[edit]

  1. (literary) peaceful; harmonious
  2. Japanese
    • 和服 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]héfú [Pinyin] — kimono, Japanese traditional clothing

Noun[edit]

  1. sum
  2. (archaic) an ancient mouth organ similar to the sheng, but smaller; no longer used

Conjunction[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) and

Preposition[edit]

  1. with

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. He

Usage notes[edit]

Standard Mandarin:
Taiwan: hàn

Pronounciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to stir; to mix

Pronounciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to have a winning hand (at mahjong etc)

Pronounciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to make sounds in concert with; to echo
    • 唱和 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]chànghè [Pinyin] — antiphon, sung reply
    • 酬和 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]chóuhè [Pinyin] — to respond to a poem with a poem

Pronounciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. warm

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Substitution for .

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji wa)

  1. peace, harmony
  2. sum
  3. Japanese
    和食 (わしょく)
    washoku
    Japanese style food, Japanese cuisine
    和室 (わしつ)
    washitsu
    a Japanese room with tatami flooring and usually sliding doors

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji Wa)

  1. Japan, Japanese, Nippo-
    和露辞典 (わろじてん)
    Wa-Ro jiten
    Russian-Japanese dictionary

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana のどか, romaji Nodoka)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul )

  1. A free reed mouth organ with 13 bamboo pipes used in ancient times

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hòa, họa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999