Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: 西, , and
Character  四 
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB
Codepoint U+56DB
 ← CJK Unified Ideographs → 

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
四-bw.png
Stroke order
四-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of 口 mouth and 八 divide which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character.

四 四 四 四
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

Usage notes[edit]

Wikipedia

As superstition, 四 is avoided because it is similar to (death) in sound.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (四), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息利切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /sjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sijH › /*s.lij-s {*s.li[j]-s}/ four
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12022 1 /*hljids/

Numeral[edit]

  1. four

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (music) la (musical note)

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
3 4 5
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1[edit]

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2[edit]

Native yo (id) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese san (three).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Japanese reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4[edit]

From (four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

Compounds[edit]


Mulam[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(ti5)

  1. four

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tứ, tớ, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.