西

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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
西-bw.png
Stroke order
西-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事): derived from a pictogram of a bird settling into its nest, and by analogy with the setting of the sun means "west".

西 西 西 西
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

西 (radical 146 西+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一金田 (MCW)西, four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. west, western
  2. westward, occident

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (north)
  • (east)
  • (south)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1595, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+897F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

西 (Jyutping sai1, Yale sai1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

西

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

nishi may be used as separate word. sei, on the other hand, is used mainly in compounds, like 西南 (せいなん seinan) - south west (literally "west south").

Noun[edit]

西 (hiragana にし, romaji nishi)

  1. the west

Proper noun[edit]

西 (hiragana にし, romaji Nishi)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

西 (seo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seo, McCune-Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
  • Name (hangeul): 서녘 (revised: seonyeok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏnyŏk, Yale: senyekh)
  • Examples
    • 서부 西部 (seobu) western (part)

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.
西

Etymology[edit]

  • "Image of a bird sitting on its nest... the West, for the birds go to roost when the sun is setting" --Wieger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

西 (Pinyin (), yāo (yāo), yǎo (yǎo), Wade-Giles hsi1, yao1, yao3, Yale syi)

Adjective[edit]

西 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. Western; occidental

Noun[edit]

西 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. west

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

西 is the 146th radical of the Chinese dictionary. In its few compounds it most often appears at the top in the form 覀 as in . It is important to distinguish it from and .

References[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

西 (traditional and simplified, POJ sai (sai1) (vernacular), se (se1) (literary), si (si1) (native))

  1. west-
    西北風

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

Noun[edit]

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

  1. the West

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

西 (tây)

  • Sơn Tây 山西
  • Tây Sơn 西山

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999