Buddha

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See also: buddha

English[edit]

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1st century CE sculpture of a Buddha

Etymology[edit]

From Pali buddha (awakened, enlightened), past participle of bujjhati (to awake, perceive), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European root *bʰewdʰ- (to be awake, aware), whence also English bid and bede.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • buddha (senses 2 and 3 only)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: bo͝odə, IPA(key): /bʊdə/
  • (US) enPR: bo͞odə, IPA(key): /buːdə/
  • IPA(key): /bʊdːʰə/ (only in technical contexts) – approximation of Hindustani [ˈbʊdːʱə], which features a geminate ‘d’ and breathy voice on the second ‘d’, neither of which is idiomatic to English
  • Rhymes: -ʊdə, -uːdə

Noun[edit]

Buddha (plural Buddhas)

  1. Shakyamuni Buddha, Nepalese spiritual and philosophical teacher and founder of Buddhism; Siddhartha Gautama.
  2. Any of the other Buddhas named in Buddhist scriptures.
  3. An enlightened or awakened sentient being.
  4. A statue or image of any Buddha.
    I love the Buddha in your living room – where did you get it?

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


Pali[edit]

Noun[edit]

Buddha m (Devanagari बुद्ध, Burmese script ဗုဒ္ဓ)

  1. (Buddhism) Buddha, the enlightened one.

Descendants[edit]