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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
先-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹土竹山 (HGHU), four-corner 24211, composition)

  1. first, former, previous

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 267, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5148

Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former; in advance; first
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (先), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇前切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sen/ /sien/ /sen/ /sen/ /sɛn/ /sien/ /sɛn/
Character (先), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇佃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/senH/ /sienH/ /senH/ /senH/ /sɛnH/ /sienH/ /sɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiān ‹ sen › /*sˤəәr/ first
xiàn ‹ senH › /*sˤəәr-s/ go first

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13458 1 /*sɯːn/
13467 1 /*sɯːns/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さき, romaji saki)

  1. before, previous
  2. end, tip
  3. destination
  4. future
  5. sequel
  6. ahead

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 先決 (せんけつ, senketsu)
  • 先月 (せんげつ, sengetsu)
  • 先見 (せんけん, senken)
  • 先賢 (せんけん, senken)
  • 先遣 (せんけん, senken)
  • 先験的 (せんけんてき, senkenteki)
  • 先古 (せんこ, senko)
  • 先口 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 先攻 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 先皇 (せんのう, sennō)
  • 先考 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 先行 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 先高 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 先刻 (せんこく, senkoku)
  • 先妻 (せんさい, sensai)
  • 先細 (せんさい, sensai)
  • 先在 (せんざい, senzai)
  • 先山 (せんざん, senzan)
  • 先史 (せんし, senshi)
  • 先師 (せんし, senshi)
  • 先主 (せんしゅ, senshu)
  • 先取 (せんしゅ, senshu)
  • 先手 (せんて, sente)
  • 先蹴 (せんしゅう, senshū)
  • 先週 (せんしゅう, senshū)
  • 先住 (せんじゅう, senjū)
  • 先述 (せんじゅつ, senjutsu)
  • 先勝 (せんしょう, senshō)
  • 先進 (せんしん, senshin)
  • 先人 (せんじん, senjin)
  • 先陣 (せんじん, senjin)
  • 先制 (せんせい, sensei)
  • 先生 (せんせい, sensei)
  • 先聖 (せんせい, sensei)
  • 先祖 (せんぞ, senzo)
  • 先太 (さきぶと, sakibuto)
  • 先代 (せんだい, sendai)
  • 先達 (せんだつ, sendatsu)
  • 先端 (せんたん, sentan)
  • 先知 (せんち, senchi)

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seon, McCune-Reischauer: sŏn, Yale: sen)
  • Name (hangeul): 먼저 (revised: meonjeo, McCune-Reischauer: mŏnjŏ, Yale: mence)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiên, ten, teng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.