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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
正-order.gif
Stroke order
正-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

In complex characters, often written with last two strokes different, as in ; compare and .

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事):  +  (foot) – a foot 止 facing a box, wall 口, indicating “reached the end, completion”. Top component 口 simplified to a line 一 in bronze script.

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一卜中一 (MYLM), four-corner 10101, composition)

  1. straight, upright
  2. right, proper, correct
  3. exact, standardized, just so
  4. primary, chief, main
  5. first
  6. pure, unmixed
  7. pretty
  8. honest
  9. placed or situated in the middle
  10. just now, right now
  11. straighten
  12. put right, rectify
  13. (shapes) regular
  14. (mathematics) positive
  15. (tally marks) 5
  16. (numismatics) obverse
  17. 1040

Usage notes[edit]

  • (tally marks, 5): The successive strokes of (East Asian tally marks 1 through 5) are used in China, Japan, and Korea to designate tallies in votes, scores, points, sushi orders, and the like, much as Tally b05.svg is used in Europe, Africa, Australia, and North America. Tallies beyond five are written with a for each group of five, followed by the remainder. For example, a tally of twelve 12 in tally marks as used in Europe, Zimbabwe, Australia, and North America is written as 正正丅.

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 574, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16255
  • Dae Jaweon: page 962, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1436, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B63

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (正), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 諸盈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇŋ/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛŋ/ /t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /ciajŋ/ /t͡ɕĭɛŋ/ /t͡ɕiæŋ/
Character (正), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 之盛切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇŋH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiɛŋH/ /ciajŋH/ /t͡ɕĭɛŋH/ /t͡ɕiæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēng ‹ tsyeng › /*C.teŋ/ 1st (month)
zhèng ‹ tsyengH › /*teŋ-s/ correct (adj., v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17171 0 /*tjeŋ/ 甲文從止丁聲,徵初文
17178 0 /*tjeŋs/

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Number[edit]

(せい, sei)

  1. A number of 1040 in modern Japanese since 17th century.
  2. 5. Similar to four vertical lines followed by a slanted horizontal line crossing through them, this character is used to count to 5 stroke by stroke. Thus this kanji written up to the third stroke represents 3. After the fifth and final stroke, when this character is completed, one starts writing this character again to count to higher numbers.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ただし, romaji Tadashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
  • Name (hangeul): 바를 (revised: bareul, McCune-Reischauer: parŭl, Yale: palul)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chính, chánh, chếnh, giêng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.