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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
床-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈木 (ID), X戈木 (XID), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. bed, couch
  2. framework, chassis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 343, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 873, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+5E8A

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping cong4, Yale chong4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Attested in the 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki), completed in 720 and one of the earliest works written in Japanese (see Wikipedia:Nihon Shoki), with a meaning of bed.

According to the 和句解 (Wakuge), published in 1668 by early Edo-period scholar Matsunaga Teitoku (松永貞徳; see Wikipedia:ja:松永貞徳), derives from ゆか (yuka) as the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) stem of the verb 行く (yuku, to go) of an original meaning similar to "not going", in reference to a place where one sits down to rest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆか, romaji yuka)

  1. The floor (the bottom surface of a room).
  2. A bed.
  3. (theater) A raised area of a stage where a presenter or musician sits.
  4. A raised platform erected along the Kamo River in Kyōto in summer, used as an outdoor tea shop or restaurant.
Antonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shared origin with (ところ, tokoro), "place". Attested since at least the Nara period, appearing in the 万葉集 (Man'yōshū), completed in 759 (see Wikipedia:Man'yōshū).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とこ, romaji toko)

  1. A raised platform roughly 30cm tall used in dirt-floored rooms as a seat.
  2. A raised area on which to sleep: a bed.
  3. The floor.
  4. Tatami mats.
  5. The seat of an oxcart.
  6. Short for 床間 / 床の間 (toko no ma): An alcove with a raised floor along one wall of a traditional Japanese living room.
  7. An alcove with a raised floor used as a study: see 付書院 (tsukeshoin).
  8. A box seat, such as at a parade, theater, or stadium.
  9. Short for 床店 (tokomise): A stall with a raised floor used as a store.
  10. Short for 床屋 (tokoya): A barbershop, from how such shops were historically often tokomise.
  11. Short for 床船梁 (tokofunabari), 舵床 (kajidoko): The large wooden beam at the very aft of a traditional wood-hulled Japanese ship, upon which the rudder is seated.
  12. The heel of a plough; the part of the bottom of a plough that touches the ground and guides the ploughshare.
  13. Short for 苗床 (naedoko): A seedbed.
  14. Short for 鉄床, 金床 (kanatoko): An anvil.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. beds

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin chuáng (chuang2), Wade-Giles ch'uang2)

  1. bed

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jrhiɑng)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tshông (tshong5), sn̂g (sng5), tshn̂g (tshng5))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sàng, giàn, giường, sường, giàng, rương)