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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
床-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈木 (ID), X戈木 (XID), four-corner 00294, composition广)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 343, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 873, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+5E8A

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (床), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 士莊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨɐŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯aŋ/ /d͡ʒiaŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐiɐŋ/ /ɖ͡ʐɨaŋ/ /d͡ʒĭaŋ/ /d͡ʒiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10310 0 /*zraŋ/ 俗牀字

Definitions[edit]

  1. bed, couch
  2. framework, chassis

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆか
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the 日本書紀 (Nihon Shoki), completed in 720 and one of the earliest works written in Japanese (see Wikipedia:Nihon Shoki), with a meaning of bed.

According to the 和句解 (Wakuge), published in 1668 by early Edo-period scholar Matsunaga Teitoku (松永貞徳; see Wikipedia:ja:松永貞徳), derives from ゆか (yuka) as the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) stem of the verb 行く (yuku, to go) of an original meaning similar to "not going", in reference to a place where one sits down to rest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆか, romaji yuka)

  1. the floor (the bottom surface of a room)
  2. a bed
  3. (theater) a raised area of a stage where a presenter or musician sits
  4. a raised platform erected along the Kamo River in Kyōto in summer, used as an outdoor tea shop or restaurant
Antonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とこ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tokoro, place). Attested since at least the Nara period, appearing in the 万葉集 (Man'yōshū), completed in 759 (see Wikipedia:Man'yōshū).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とこ, romaji toko)

  1. a raised platform roughly 30cm tall used in dirt-floored rooms as a seat
  2. a raised area on which to sleep: a bed
  3. the floor
  4. tatami mats
  5. the seat of an oxcart
  6. short for 床間 / 床の間 (toko no ma): an alcove with a raised floor along one wall of a traditional Japanese living room
  7. an alcove with a raised floor used as a study: see 付書院 (tsuke shoin)
  8. a box seat, such as at a parade, theater, or stadium
  9. short for 床店 (tokomise): a stall with a raised floor used as a store
  10. short for 床屋 (tokoya): a barbershop, from how such shops were historically often tokomise
  11. short for 床船梁 (toko funabari), 舵床 (kajidoko): the large wooden beam at the very aft of a traditional wood-hulled Japanese ship, upon which the rudder is seated
  12. the heel of a plough; the part of the bottom of a plough that touches the ground and guides the ploughshare
  13. short for 苗床 (naedoko): a seedbed
  14. short for 鉄床, 金床 (kanatoko): an anvil

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (jrhiɑng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. beds

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sàng, giàn, giường, sường, giàng, rương)

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