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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麻-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 200 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD), 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. hemp, jute, flax
  2. numb
  3. sesame
  4. pock, pockmark

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (麻), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫霞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣa/ /ma/ /ma/ /mɯa/ /maɨ/ /ma/ /ma/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mæ › /*C.mˁraj/ hemp
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8694 1 /*mraːl/

Compounds[edit]

Phrase[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hemp radical

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 麻薬
  • 大麻
  • 胡麻 (ごま, goma, sesame)
  • 麻布 Azabu an up-market area in Minato, Tokyo, Japan,

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あさ, romaji Asa)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. Hemp.
Usage notes[edit]

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

References[edit]

  • 1979 [c. 800], Hiroshi Tsukishima, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X:

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ma)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ma, McCune-Reischauer: ma, Yale: ma)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ma, , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.