正月

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1

Etymology[edit]

From (principal) + (month)

Noun[edit]

正月 (hiragana しょうがつ, romaji shōgatsu)

  1. January
  2. New Year

Synonyms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Literally: principal month

Note: Any month in the Chinese calendar may be preceded or followed by an intercalary month, an irregular month inserted into the calendar to bring the lunar year in line with the solar year.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin zhēngyuè
Zhuyin ㄓㄥ ㄩㄝˋ
IPA (key) /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ⁵⁵ ɥ̯œ⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

正月 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhēngyuè)

  1. (literary) traditional name for the first of the twelve months of the Chinese calendar, each beginning on a new moon.

Synonyms[edit]