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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
文-bw.png
Stroke order
文-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事): a man with a painted or tattooed chest. In current form, tattoo has vanished, so simply an outline of a man (head, outstretched arms, legs, chest). Compare , which has no chest.

文 文 文 文
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 67 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜大 (YK), four-corner 00400)

  1. literature, culture, writing, language
  2. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2169, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6587

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping man4, man6, Yale man4, man6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ vûn, Guangdong wun2; vun2 [Meixian, Kwangtung], Hagfa Pinyim vun2)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. (grammar) sentence

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. letter

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin wén (wen2), Wade-Giles wen2)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wén)

  1. language
    中文 Chinese, 英文 English
  2. writing, literary composition
    文件 document; 文章 article, essay
  3. culture
    文化 culture; 文明 civilization

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wén)

  1. literary , bookish
  2. civil
    文职 civilian post ;文武 civilian and military

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wén)

  1. A surname​.

Classifier[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wén)

  1. (old) measure word for coins

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-18.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*miən)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ bûn (bun5))


Old Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(IPA *mɯn)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(văn, von)

Compounds[edit]