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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
文-bw.png
Stroke order
文-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事): a man with a painted or tattooed chest. In current form, tattoo has vanished, so simply an outline of a man (head, outstretched arms, legs, chest). Compare , which has no chest.

文 文 文 文
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 67 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜大 (YK), four-corner 00400, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 831, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2169, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6587

Chinese[edit]

 
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (文), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 無分切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*məә[n]/ ornate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13015 1 /*mɯn/

Noun[edit]

  1. (written) language
  2. writing; literary composition; literature
  3. culture
Synonyms[edit]
  • ("spoken language")

Adjective[edit]

  1. literary
  2. civil, civilian
    • 文武 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]wénwǔ [Pinyin] — civilian and military
  3. refined; educated; cultured; intellectual;

Verb[edit]

  1. to tattoo
  2. to cover
    • [trad.] / [simp.]wén guò [Pinyin] — to cover one's fault

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Wen
  2. Kangxi radical 67

Classifier[edit]

  1. (archaic) measure word for coins

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. (grammar) sentence

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふみ, romaji fumi)

  1. letter

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mun, McCune-Reischauer: mun, Yale: mun)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(văn, von)

Compounds[edit]