文化

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (文化, reconstructed)
Character (文), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 無分切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Character (化), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 呼霸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣuaH/ /xwaH/ /xuaH/ /hʷɯaH/ /hwaɨH/ /xwaH/ /xuaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (文化, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*mən {*mə[n]}/ ornate
huà ‹ xwæH › /*qʷʰˁ‹r›aj-s/ transform
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13015 1 /*mɯn/
5327 1 /*hŋʷraːls/

Noun[edit]

文化

  1. culture

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (文化):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3

Etymology[edit]

From (bun, culture) + (ka, change for the better)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

文化 (hiragana ぶんか, romaji bunka)

  1. culture
    • 1928, 岸田國士, 「語られる言葉」の美:
      これは、国語 (こくご)性格 (せいかく)に、文化 (ぶんか)伝統 (でんとう)国民性 (こくみんせい)特質 (とくしつ)作用 (さよう)するからである。
      kore wa, kokugo no seikaku ni, bunka no dentō, kokuminsei no tokushitsu ga sayō suru kara de aru.
      The tradition of culture and the traits of the nation function to make the character of the national language.

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

文化 (munhwa) (hangeul 문화)

  1. Hanja form? of 문화, “culture”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

文化

  1. Hán tự form of văn hóa, "culture"