community

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French communité, from Classical Latin communitas[1], from commūnis (common). Cognates include French communauté.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kə-myo͞oʹnə-ti, IPA(key): /k(ə)ˈmjunəti/, /k(ə)ˈmjunəɾi/
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Noun[edit]

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community (plural communities)

  1. A group sharing a common understanding and often the same language, manners, tradition and law. See civilization.
    • Hallam
      Burdens upon the poorer classes of the community.
    • Wordsworth
      Creatures that in communities exist.
    A community is infinitely more brutalised by the habitual employment of punishment than it is by the occasional occurrence of crime (Oscar Wilde)
  2. A commune, or residential or religious collective.
  3. The condition of having certain attitudes and interests in common.
    • 2013 June 7, Joseph Stiglitz, “Globalisation is about taxes too”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 19: 
      It is time the international community faced the reality: we have an unmanageable, unfair, distortionary global tax regime. It is a tax system that is pivotal in creating the increasing inequality that marks most advanced countries today – with America standing out in the forefront and the UK not far behind.
  4. (ecology) A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other.
  5. (Internet) A group of people interacting by electronic means for social, professional, educational or other purposes; a virtual community.
  6. (obsolete) Common possession or enjoyment; participation.
    a community of goods
  7. (obsolete) common character; likeness.
    • H. Spencer
      The essential community of nature between organic growth and inorganic growth.
  8. (obsolete) commonness; frequency
    • Shakespeare
      Eyes [] sick and blunted with community.

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "community, n." OED Online. July 2009. Oxford University Press <http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50045241>.