Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
日-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形)

日 is from a pictographic representation of the sun.

日 日 日 日
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

See the table at the Wikipedia article on Chinese character classification for other forms.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100, composition)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter
  • is sometimes simplified to 日, as in

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Chinese[edit]

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (日), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 人質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /ȵiĕt̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nyit › /*C.nik/ sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10845 2 /*njiɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) sun
  2. (literary) day
  3. (literary) day of the month
  4. short form for Japan or Japanese

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese /hi1/. This is distinct from (hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notes[edit]

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4[edit]

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]