太陰

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

太陰

  1. lunar

Noun[edit]

太陰

  1. (astronomy) the moon
  2. (literary) extreme coldness

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
太陰 (taiin): the moon.
Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
いん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 太陰 (thajH ʔim, the moon, literally great dark, great yin). The kan'on, so either a later borrowing or a later development within Japan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

太陰 (hiragana たいいん, romaji taiin)

  1. the moon
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
おん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 太陰 (thajH ʔim, the moon, literally great dark, great yin). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

太陰 (hiragana たいおん, romaji Taion)

  1. short for 太陰神 (たいおんじん) (Taionjin), goddess of the moon and one of the eight central gods in the Onmyōdō religion
Usage notes[edit]

This reading appears to be less common than Daion below.[1][2][3]

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
太陰 (Daion): the Onmyōdō moon goddess.
Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 2
おん
Grade: S
on'yomi

Sound shift from Taion above, replacing the standard goon and kan'on reading of tai for with the kan'yōon of dai.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

太陰 (hiragana だいおん, romaji Daion)

  1. short for 太陰神 (だいおんじん) (Daionjin), goddess of the moon and one of the eight central gods in the Onmyōdō religion

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0