生日

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(生日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (生日, reconstructed)
Character (生), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (日), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 人質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /ȵiĕt̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (生日, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sraeng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
shēng ‹ sraeng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw
shēng ‹ srjaeng › /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
‹ nyit › /*C.nik/ sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
11322 0 /*sreŋs/
10845 2 /*njiɡ/

Noun[edit]

生日

  1. birthday

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生日):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1

Noun[edit]

生日 (hiragana いくひ, romaji ikuhi)

  1. lively day
  2. auspicious day

Noun[edit]

生日 (hiragana せいじつ, romaji seijitsu)

  1. birthday

Usage notes[edit]

  • This usage is rather obscure. 誕生日 is far more common.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 聖名祝日 (せいめいしゅくじつ, seimei shukujitsu)

External links[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

生日 (saeng-il) (hangeul 생일)

  1. Hanja form? of 생일, “birthday”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

生日

  1. Hán tự form of sinh nhật, "birthday"