自然

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぜん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

自然 (-na inflection, hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. natural
  2. spontaneous

Inflection[edit]

Adverb[edit]

自然 (hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. naturally
  2. spontaneously
  3. rarely
  4. coincidentally

Noun[edit]

自然 (hiragana しぜん, romaji shizen)

  1. nature
  2. spontaneity

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin zìrán
Zhuyin ㄗˋ ㄖㄢˊ
IPA (key) /t͡sz̩⁵¹ ʐa̠n³⁵/
Audio
(file)

Adjective[edit]

自然 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zìrán)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) natural

Adverb[edit]

自然 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zìrán)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) naturally; in a natural fashion

Conjunction[edit]

自然 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zìrán)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) naturally; of course

Noun[edit]

自然 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zìrán)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) nature

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

自然

  1. Hán form of tự nhiên (vi), "nature"

Adjective[edit]

自然

  1. Hán form of tự nhiên (vi), "natural"

Adverb[edit]

自然

  1. Hán form of tự nhiên (vi), "naturally"