宇宙

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

room; universe universe
simp. and trad.
(宇宙)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (宇宙, reconstructed)
Character (宇), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 王矩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨoX/ /i̯uX/ /ɣioX/ /ɦioX/ /ɦuə̆X/ /ɣĭuX/ /ɣioX/
Character (宙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 直祐切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨuH/ /ȡʱi̯ə̯uH/ /ȡiuH/ /ɖiuH/ /ɖuwH/ /ȡĭəuH/ /ȡiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (宇宙, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hjuX › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/ eaves

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15719 0 /*ɢʷaʔ/
15519 2 /*l'ɯwɢs/

Noun[edit]

宇宙

  1. roof, ridgepole and beams (of a house)
  2. heaven and earth; all under heaven; country
  3. (infinite) space and time
  4. the universe; the cosmos; macrocosm; space

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (宇宙):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
ちゅう
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

宇宙 (hiragana うちゅう, romaji uchū)

  1. outer space
  2. universe, cosmos

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

宇宙 (hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

宇宙 (uju) (hangeul 우주)

  1. Hanja form? of 우주, “outer space; universe; cosmos”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

宇宙

  1. Hán tự form of vũ trụ, "outer space; universe; cosmos"