百姓

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

百姓

  1. the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Template:zh-proper-noun

  1. The actual list of the common Chinese surnames recorded in the Baijiaxing and other works

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: S

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese 百姓. Compare modern Chinese 百姓 (bǎixìng).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくしょう, romaji hyakushō, historical hiragana ひゃくしゃう)

  1. commoners, the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens
  2. a farmer; a peasant; the peasantry in general
  3. in reference to the Edo Period, short for 本百姓 (honbyakushō, the hundred commoner families, a class of farmers with specific rights and responsibilities)
  4. country bumpkin
Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

百姓 + する (hiragana ひゃくしょうする, romaji hyakushō suru, historical hiragana ひゃくしゃうする)

  1. to farm, to till the fields
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kan'on reading of both characters, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

百姓 (hiragana はくせい, romaji hakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 3[edit]

Kan'on reading of the second character, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくせい, romaji hyakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 4[edit]

Non-palatalized variant of hyakushō reading, commonly found in writings from the Heian period through the Muromachi period.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくそう, romaji hyakusō, historical hiragana ひゃくさう)

  1. (obsolete) See under Etymology 1

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3