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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
白-order.gif
Stroke order
白-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – originally an acorn. The character acquired its current meaning of white from the color of the acorn’s flesh. The original meaning has been lost. (Compare – originally “nose”, now “self”.)

白 白 白 白
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 106 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹日 (HA), four-corner 26000, composition丿)

  1. white
  2. pure, unblemished
  3. bright
  4. used as a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 785, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1196, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2642, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767D

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (白), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 陌
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 傍陌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɣæk̚/ /bʱɐk̚/ /bɐk̚/ /bɯak̚/ /baɨjk̚/ /bɐk̚/ /bak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bái ‹ bæk › /*bˁrak/ white
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
207 0 /*braːɡ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) white
  2. clear; easy to understand
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) clear; pure; plain; blank
  4. vernacular
  5. reactionary; anti-communist

Adverb[edit]

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) in vain; for nothing
  2. free of charge; gratuitous; gratis

Verb[edit]

  1. to stare coldly; to stare at someone with the white of the eyes
  2. to explain; to present;to state
    • 自白 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]zìbái [Pinyin] — explain oneself, confess
    • 表白 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]biǎobái [Pinyin] — to explain oneself
  3. to mispronounce or wrongly write a character

Noun[edit]

  1. spoken lines in opera
    • 念白 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]niànbái [Pinyin] — spoken parts of a Chinese opera
    • 道白 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]dàobái [Pinyin] — spoken parts of a Chinese opera
  2. dialect

Proper Noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Bai
Usage notes[edit]
  • (Mandarin) The reading is almost never used in spoken Mandarin. The most well-known usage of is in the name of a leading Tang dynasty poet Lǐ Bó (李白) (now commonly pronounced Lǐ Bái); this reading is increasingly rare in China.
  • (Min Nan) Read as pe̍h when by itself, and in most compounds. There are only a few compounds in which the pe̍k reading is used.
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (しろ): IPA(key): /ɕi.ꜜɾo/

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しろ, romaji shiro)

  1. white
  2. a white go stone
  3. innocence

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しら, romaji shira)

  1. white, Old Japanese pronunciation, now only seen in compounds

Derived terms[edit]

  • 白髪 (しらが, shiraga): white hair
  • 白鳥 (しらとり, shiratori): swan
  • 白羽 (しらは, shiraha): white feather
  • 白地 (しらじ, shiraji): white background
  • 白樺 (しらかば, shirakaba): Japanese white birch
  • 白木 (しらき, shiraki): plain wood, unfinished woodwork
  • 白雪 (しらゆき, shirayuki): white snow
  • 白旗 (しらはた, shirahata): white flag
  • 白浜 (しらはま, shirahama): white sandy beach
  • 白壁 (しらかべ, shirakabe): white plaster wall
  • 白子 (しらこ, shirako): soft roe, milt
  • 白百合 (しらゆり, shirayuri): white lily
  • 白糸 (しらいと, shiraito): white thread
  • 白菊 (しらぎく, shiragiku): white chrysanthemum
  • 白鷺 (しらさぎ, shirasagi): generic name for herons with all-white plumage (inc. egrets)
  • 白州,白洲, 白沙 (しらす, shirasu): bar of white sand
  • 白梅 (しらうめ, shiraume): white plum blossoms;  white Japanese apricot;  white-blossomed plum
  • 白む (しらむ, to grow light;  to become white;  to turn grey (gray)):
  • 白雲 (しらくも, shirakumo): white clouds
  • 白玉 (しらたま, shiratama): white gem (e.g. pearl)
  • 白玉椿 (しらたまつばき, shiratamatsubaki): common camelia
  • 白ける (しらける, shirakeru):
  • 白子干し (しらすぼし, shirasuboshi): dried young sardines
  • 白刃 (しらは, shiraha): drawn sword, naked sword
  • 白滝 (しらたき, shirataki): sheet-like waterfall
  • 白茶ける (しらちゃける, shirachakeru): to fade,  to discolor
  • 白々しい (しらじらしい, shirajirashii): pure-white, very clear
  • 白魚 (しらうお, shirauo): icefish
  • 白帆 (しらほ, shiraho): white sail
  • 白露 (しらつゆ, shiratsuyu): glistening dew
  • 白砂 (しらすな, shirasuna): white sand
  • 白太 (しらた, shirata): sapwood
  • 白癩 (しらはたけ, shirahatake): vitiligo
  • 白絹 (しらぎぬ, shiraginu): white silk

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(baek)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: baek, McCune-Reischauer: paek, Yale: payk)
  • Name (hangeul): 희다 (revised: huida, McCune-Reischauer: hŭida, Yale: huyta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

See also[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*bhæk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

白 (bạch, bạc)

Adjective[edit]

  1. white