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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
黒-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Japanese shinjitai Simplified from , replacing two dots with one stroke. Compare (from ).

Graphically  +  (fire), and bottom is cognate to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF), X田土火 (XWGF))

Usage notes[edit]

In some Japanese shinjitai simplifications, 黒 is split into and (on the bottom of the character), such as (from ), and the 里 component may disappear, as in (from ).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48040
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED2

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. black

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kuro): the colour black.
Kanji in this term
くろ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Via root morpheme *kur, cognate with kuri (, "black mud from the bed of a body of water"),[1] noun kura (, "darkness; deception"; , , "[dark] storehouse") > adjective kurai (暗い, "dark"), verb kuru > kureru (暮れる, "to become dark; to near the end [of a day, of a year, of a life]"; 暗れる, 眩れる, "to become depressed, to become dreary of mood"). Compare Proto-Turkic *kara (black), Mongolian хар (har, black).

Possibly cognate with Korean 구름 (gureum, cloud); compare also Japanese (kumo, cloud) and Korean * (geom, black), root morpheme of 검다 (geomda, to be black, ve​rb), 검은 (geomeun, black, adjective).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くろ, romaji kuro)

  1. the colour black
  2. a 女房詞 (nyōbō kotoba, woman's word) for (nabe, pot, pan) or (kama, pot, kettle)
  3. (accounting) short for 黒字 (kuroji): black as an accounting term, indicating a profit
  4. (euphemistic) short for 黒幕 (kuromaku): a black curtain, a euphemism for someone influencing or controlling matters from behind the scenes
  5. guilt; the guilty one, the guilty party
  6. (slang) anarchy as a belief system or philosophy; an anarchist

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9