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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
黑-bw.png
Stroke order
黑-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +0, 12 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF), four-corner 60331)

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2051, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED1

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – catching soot in a container over a fire (, ).

黑 黑 黑
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak. Cognate with ("ink").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (黑), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 呼北切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hək̚/ /xək̚/ /xək̚/ /hək̚/ /hək̚/ /xək̚/ /xək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hēi ‹ xok › /*m̥ ˤəәk (dialect *m̥ ˤ- > xˤ-)/ black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5109 0 /*hmlɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. black
  2. dark; darkness
  3. evening; night
  4. illegal; clandestine; secret; shady
  5. sinister; evil
  6. (computing) (loanword) to hack
  7. Abbreviation for 黑龍江黑龙江 (Heilongjiang province).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. black

Readings[edit]


Khitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kara)

  1. west

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(heuk) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hŭk, Yale huk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.