absence

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English absence, from Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (from, away from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩s/, /ˈæb.sn̩ts/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

absence (usually uncountable, plural absences)

  1. A state of being away or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; the period of being away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Phillipians 2:12
      Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence.
  2. Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendance; deficiency. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    He had an absence of enthusiasm.
    • (Can we date this quote?) - Kent
      In the absence of conventional law.
  3. Lack; deficiency; nonexistence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  4. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind). [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]
    absence of mind
  5. (medicine) Temporary loss or disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  6. (fencing) Lack of contact between blades.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2003 [1933], Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 8:

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French absence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am)

Noun[edit]

absence f

  1. absence

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

absence f (plural absences)

  1. absence (state of being absent or withdrawn).

External links[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French absent, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

Noun[edit]

absence (plural absences)

  1. absent

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1954 [First published 1891], Francis Henry Stratmann; Henry Bradley, A Dictionary of Middle English[1], London: Oxford University Press: