- 1 English
- 2 Czech
- 3 French
- 4 Middle English
From Middle English absence, from Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (“absent”), present active participle of absum (“I am away or absent”), from ab (“from, away from”) + sum (“I am”).
- A state of being away or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; the period of being away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
- Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendance; deficiency. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- He had an absence of enthusiasm.
- Lack; deficiency; nonexistence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind). [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- absence of mind
- (medicine) Temporary loss or disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (fencing) Lack of contact between blades.
- (state of being away): presence
- (lack, deficiency, nonexistence): existence, possession, sufficiency
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- 2003 , Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 8:
absence f (plural absences)
- "absence" in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
absence (plural absences)
- 1954 [First published 1891], Francis Henry Stratmann; Henry Bradley, A Dictionary of Middle English, London: Oxford University Press: