salt

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See also: sålt and SALT

Contents

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old English sealt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą (compare Dutch zout, German Salz, Swedish salt), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l- (compare French sel, Welsh halen, Old Irish salann, Latin sal, Russian соль (sol'), Ancient Greek ἅλς (háls), Albanian ngjelmë (salty, savory), Old Armenian աղ (), Tocharian A sāle, Sanskrit सलिल (salila)).

Pronunciation[edit]

salt crystals

Noun[edit]

salt (plural salts)

  1. A common substance, chemically consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
  2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
  3. (uncommon) A salt marsh, a saline marsh at the shore of a sea.
  4. (slang) A sailor (also old salt).
    • 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter
      Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing and gossiping, clusters of old salts.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick, chapter 1
      I never go as a passenger; nor, though I am something of a salt, do I ever go to sea as a Commodore, or a Captain, or a Cook.
  5. (cryptography) Randomly chosen bytes added to a plaintext message prior to encrypting it, in order to render brute-force decryption more difficult.
  6. A person who seeks employment at a company in order to (once employed by it) help unionize it.
  7. (obsolete) flavour; taste; seasoning
    • Shakespeare
      Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen [] we have some salt of our youth in us.
  8. (obsolete) piquancy; wit; sense
    Attic salt
  9. (obsolete) A dish for salt at table; a salt cellar.
    • Samuel Pepys
      I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen of silver salts.
  10. (figuratively) That which preserves from corruption or error, or purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction.
    His statements must be taken with a grain of salt.
    • Bible, Matthew v. 13
      Ye are the salt of the earth.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Adjective[edit]

salt (comparative more salt, superlative most salt)

  1. Salty; salted.
    salt beef;  salt tears
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
  2. Saline.
    a salt marsh;  salt grass
  3. (figuratively, obsolete) Bitter; sharp; pungent.
  4. (figuratively, obsolete) Salacious; lecherous; lustful.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

salt (third-person singular simple present salts, present participle salting, simple past and past participle salted)

  1. (transitive) To add salt to.
    to salt fish, beef, or pork
  2. (intransitive) To deposit salt as a saline solution.
    The brine begins to salt.
  3. (mining) To blast gold into (as a portion of a mine) in order to cause to appear to be a productive seam.
  4. (cryptography) To add filler bytes before encrypting, in order to make brute-force decryption more resource-intensive.
  5. To include colorful language in.
  6. To insert or inject something into an object to give it properties it would not naturally have.
  7. (archaeology) To add bogus evidence to an archeological site.
  8. To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin saltus.

Noun[edit]

salt m (plural salts)

  1. jump

Related terms[edit]


Crimean Gothic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l-.

Noun[edit]

salt

  1. salt
    • 1562, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq:
      Salt. Sal.

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse saltr (salt), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /salt/, [salˀd̥]

Adjective[edit]

salt (neuter salt, definite and plural salte, comparative saltere, superlative saltest)

  1. salty, salt

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish salt.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /salt/, [salˀd̥]

Noun[edit]

salt n (singular definite saltet, plural indefinite salte)

  1. salt
Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

salt

  1. imperativ of salte

Verb[edit]

salt

  1. imperativ of salte
Related terms[edit]

Faroese[edit]

salt

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse salt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

Noun[edit]

salt n (genitive singular salts, plural sølt)

  1. salt
Declension[edit]
n5 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative salt saltið sølt søltini
Accusative salt saltið sølt søltini
Dative salti saltinum søltum søltunum
Genitive salts saltsins salta saltanna
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse saltr (salt), from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

Adjective[edit]

salt

  1. salty
Declension[edit]
saltur a21
Singular (eintal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) saltur sølt salt
Accusative (hvønnfall) saltan salta
Dative (hvørjumfall) søltum saltari søltum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (salts) (saltar/
saltrar)
(salts)
Plural (fleirtal) m (kallkyn) f (kvennkyn) n (hvørkikyn)
Nominative (hvørfall) saltir saltar sølt
Accusative (hvønnfall) saltar
Dative (hvørjumfall) søltum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (salta
saltra)

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin saltus.

Noun[edit]

salt m (plural salts)

  1. jump, leap, spring

Related terms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

salt

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌻𐍄

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse salt, from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

Noun[edit]

salt n (genitive singular salts, nominative plural sölt)

  1. salt
    Geturðu rétt mér saltið?
    Can you pass me the salt?

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

salt

  1. positive neuter singular nominative or accusative of saltur

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (cold; hot). Cognates include Lithuanian šálti.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

salt intr., 1st conj., pres. salstu, salsti, salst, past salu

  1. to freeze

Declension[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse saltr.

Adjective[edit]

salt

  1. salty, salt
Inflection[edit]
References[edit]
  • “salt” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish salt.

Noun[edit]

salt

  1. salt
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]
  • “salt” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *saltą (salt), *saltaz (salty, salted).

Noun[edit]

salt n

  1. salt

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

salt

  1. salty, salted

Descendants[edit]


Romanian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin saltus.

Noun[edit]

salt n (plural salturi)

  1. leap
  2. saltation

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse saltr, from Proto-Germanic *saltaz, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls, *sáls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

salt (comparative saltare, superlative saltast)

  1. salty
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse salt (akin to Old Saxon salt, Old High German salz, Old Dutch salt, Old English sealt), from Proto-Germanic *saltą, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂l-, *séh₂ls. Compare Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian salt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

salt n

  1. salt
    1. (uncountable) sodium chloride (NaCl), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
    2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

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Adverb[edit]

salt

  1. (obsolete) exclusively

Synonyms[edit]