sāļš

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See also: sals and sāls

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier sālijs, still dialectally attested, from the same stem as sāls (salt) (q.v.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

sāļš (def. sāļais, comp. sāļāks, sup. vissāļākais; adv. sāļi)

  1. salty (having the taste typical of salt; containing salt, usually cooking salt)
    sāļš ēdienssalty food
    sāļa garšasalty taste, flavor
    vēži ir sāļš, alus rūgts, tomēr garšo — crayfish is salty, (and) beer (is) bitter, yet they are tasty
    prieka un bēdu asaras ir vienādi saļas — tears of joy and sadness are equally salty
    aukstajā galdā vēl liek sāļos cepumus (siera cepumus vai sālsstandziņas) — at the cold (food) table (they) still put the salty biscuits (cheese biscuts or pretzels)
    sāļās kūkas pasniedz kafijas galdā — (they) are serving the salty cakes at the coffee table
  2. salty (having the smell or taste typical of, e.g., sea water)
    sāļa smarža, smakasalty smell (e.g., of sea water)
    sāļa vēja smaržasalty smell of the wind
    četros pēcpusdienā kapteiņa vecākais palīgs Šika pieņēma sardzi; viņš izgāja uz spārna, ieelpoja sāļo gaisu — at 4 p.m. the captain's old helper Šika took the watch; he went on the wing (of the ship) (and) inhaled the salty air
  3. (colloquial, of words; syn. sālīts) impolite, rude
    mazais vīriņš Rasa pēc katra sāļā joka salēcās un sarauca savu tuklo seju daudzās sīkās krunkās — the little man Rasa after every salty (= rude) joke jumped and wrinkled his chubby face into many tiny wrinkles

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “sāls” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7