nākotne

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See also: nākotnē

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From nāk(t) (to come) +‎ -otne. A neologism coined in 1869 by A. Kronvalds, initially in the form nākote, then nākatne. The modern form was later introduced by K. Valdemārs and F. Brīvzemnieks. As a grammatical term, it was first used by A. Stērste in 1879.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

nākotne f (5th declension)

  1. future (time period after the present; circumstances to exist after the present, current ones)
    skaista, gaiš nākotne — beautiful, bright future
    tuvākā, tālākā nākotne — nearest, distant future
    nākotnes cilvēks — person of the future
    nākotnes cerības, uzdevumifuture hopes, tasks
    kāda tu būsi nākotnē? — what will you be like in the future?
  2. future (perspectives, prospects, possibilities, plans)
    mūsu bērnu nākotne — our children's future
    pilsētas nākotne — the future of the city
    šim uzņēmumam nav nākotnes — this company has no future
    meži ir mūsu nākotne — the forests are our future
    kritiķi viņam pareģoja slavenu nākotni — the critics predicted a glorious (lit. famous) future for him
  3. (linguistics, grammar) past (verb form describing an action that will happen after the current time, after the time of speech)
    vienkāršā, saliktā nākotne — simple, compound future
    pārveidot darbības vārdu nākotnes formā — to put a verb in the future form

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “nākotne” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7