白酒

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒

  1. baijiu, a distilled liquor

Usage notes[edit]

To be distinguished from 白葡萄酒, the Chinese name for the much weaker, undistilled white wine.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (sake, liquor). The sake changes to zake due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒 (hiragana しろざけ, romaji shirozake)

  1. a white, unfiltered, sweet, and sometimes thick porridge-like fermented liquor made from rice; traditionally served at 雛祭り (Hina matsuri) and other festivals
  2. alternate name for 濁酒 (doburoku), 濁り酒 (nigorizake): white unfiltered and sweet sake
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (ki, liquor). The ki reading for is archaic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒 (hiragana しろき, romaji shiroki)

  1. white fermented liquor made from rice, used as an offering at Shinto rituals
    Fermented from specially selected rice, with half used as shiroki and half mixed with incense ash and used as kuroki (黒酒). Used in particular at the 大嘗祭 (daijōsai) and 新嘗祭 (nīnamesai) rituals held in late November, wherein the emperor would beseech the gods for a good harvest in the year to come.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of (shiro, white) +‎ (sasa, liquor). The sasa reading for is a 女房詞 (nyōbōshi), a term only used by women.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒 (hiragana しろささ, romaji shirosasa)

  1. a 女房詞 (nyōbōshi) or "women's word" for shirozake

Etymology 4[edit]

From Sinitic 白酒.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

白酒 (hiragana はくしゅ, romaji hakushu)

  1. generic term for nigorizake, doburoku, shirozake
Usage notes[edit]

This reading using the on'yomi is considered slightly more formal, rather like how words in English that have Latin or Greek roots are considered slightly more formal than synonyms that have Anglo-Saxon roots.

See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From modern Chinese 白酒 (báijiǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pa.i.tju.u/, [päit͡ɕʲɯᵝː]

Noun[edit]

白酒 (hiragana ぱいちゅう, romaji paichū)

  1. Chinese distilled liquor
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more often spelled in katakana as パイチュー to differentiate from the default hakushu on'yomi for these characters.