harvest

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English harvest, hervest, from Old English hærfest (autumn, harvest-time; August), from Proto-Germanic *harbistaz (autumn, fall), from Proto-Indo-European *kerp-, *skerp-; cognate with West Frisian hjerst, Dutch herfst, German Herbst, Middle Low German hervest (autumn) (Dutch Low Saxon haarfst (autumn)), Danish høst, also Latin carpere 'to seize', Greek καρπός (karpós, fruit) and κείρω (keírō, to cut off).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

harvest (plural harvests)

  1. (UK dialectal) The third season of the year; autumn; fall.
  2. The season of gathering ripened crops; specifically, the time of reaping and gathering grain.
  3. The process of harvesting, gathering the ripened crop.
  4. The yield of harvesting, i.e. the gathered crops or fruits.
    This year's cotton harvest was great but the corn harvest was disastrous.
    • 1911, Jack London, The Whale Tooth
      The frizzle-headed man-eaters were loath to leave their fleshpots so long as the harvest of human carcases was plentiful. Sometimes, when the harvest was too plentiful, they imposed on the missionaries by letting the word slip out that on such a day there would be a killing and a barbecue.
    • Shakespeare
      To glean the broken ears after the man / That the main harvest reaps.
  5. (by extension) The product or result of any exertion or labor; gain; reward.
    • Fuller
      The pope's principal harvest was in the jubilee.
    • Wordsworth
      the harvest of a quiet eye
  6. (paganism) A modern pagan ceremony held on or around the autumn equinox, which is in the harvesting season.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 20, The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      Hester Earle and Violet Wayne were moving about the aisle with bundles of wheat-ears and streamers of ivy, for the harvest thanksgiving was shortly to be celebrated, while the vicar stood waiting for their directions on the chancel steps with a great handful of crimson gladioli.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (season of the year): autumn, fall
  • (horti- or agricultural yield): crop

Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

harvest (third-person singular simple present harvests, present participle harvesting, simple past and past participle harvested)

  1. (transitive) To bring in a harvest; reap; glean.
  2. (intransitive) To be occupied bringing in a harvest
    Harvesting is a stressing, thirsty occupation
  3. (transitive) To win, achieve a gain.
    The rising star harvested well-deserved acclaim, even an Oscar under 21

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]