bain

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See also: bàin, Bain, and bain-

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bain, bayne, bayn, beyn (direct, prompt), from Old Norse beinn (straight, right, favourable, advantageous, convenient, friendly, fair, keen), from Proto-Germanic *bainaz (straight), from Proto-Indo-European *bhei- (to hit, beat). Cognate with Scots bein, bien (in good condition, pleasant, well-to-do, cosy, well-stocked, pleasant, keen), Icelandic beinn (straight, direct, hospitable), Norwegian bein (straight, direct, easy to deal with). See also bein.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bain (comparative more bain, superlative most bain)

  1. (Now chiefly dialectal) Ready; willing.
  2. (Now chiefly dialectal) Direct; near; short; gain.
    That is the bainest way.
  3. (Now chiefly dialectal) Limber; pliant; flexible.

Adverb[edit]

bain (comparative more bain, superlative most bain)

  1. (Now chiefly dialectal) Readily; willingly.
  2. (Now chiefly dialectal) Nearby; at hand.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bayne, baine, from Old French bain (bath), from Latin balneum (bath, bath-house).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bane (obsolete)
  • bayne (15th-17th centuries)

Noun[edit]

bain (plural bains)

  1. (obsolete) A bath.
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book VIII, chapter xj:
      THus was sir Tramtryst longe there wel cherysshed / with the kynge and the quene / [] / So vpon a daye / the quene and la beale Isoud made a bayne for syre Tramtryst / And whan he was in his bayne / the quene and Isoud her doughter romed vp & doune in the chamber / and there whyles Gouernail and Heles attendyd vpon Tramtryst

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin balneum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bain m (plural bains)

  1. bath

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a conflation of Old Irish benaid (beat, strike) and boingid (break, cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [bˠanʲ], [bˠɪnʲ]

Verb[edit]

bain (present analytic baineann, future analytic bainfidh, verbal noun baint, past participle bainte)

  1. to extract
  2. to cut (hay, turf, flowers, etc.), to mow
  3. to dig up (potatoes, etc.)
  4. to mine (coal, etc.)
  5. to reap

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bain bhain mbain
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Romansch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin bene.

Adverb[edit]

bain

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) well
  2. (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) beautifully
  3. (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) yes (used to disagree with a negative statement)
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (Sursilvan) bein
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) bagn
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bain m (plural bains)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) farm
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]