yield

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English yielden, yelden (to yield, pay), from Old English ġieldan (to pay), from Proto-Germanic *geldaną (to pay), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognate with Scots yield (to yield), North Frisian jilden (to pay), Saterland Frisian jäilde (to be valid; matter; count; be worth), West Frisian jilde (to pay), Low German gellen, Dutch gelden (to apply, be count or valued), German gelten (to have worth or value, be valid, count), Icelandic gjalda (to pay, yield, give).

Verb[edit]

yield (third-person singular simple present yields, present participle yielding, simple past yielded or (obsolete) yold, past participle yielded or (obsolete) yolden)

  1. (obsolete) To pay, give in payment; repay, recompense; reward; requite.
    • Shakespeare:
      God 'ild [yield] you!
    • Gareth and Lynette, Tennyson:
      The good mother holds me still a child! Good mother is bad mother unto me! A worse were better; yet no worse would I. Heaven yield her for it!
    • Shakespeare:
      Tend me to-night two hours, I ask no more, / And the gods yield you for 't.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher:
      God yield thee, and God thank ye.
  2. To furnish; to afford; to render; to give forth.
    • Milton:
      Vines yield nectar.
    • Bible, Job 24.5:
      The wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children.
  3. To give way; to allow another to pass first.
    Yield the right of way to pedestrians.
  4. To give as required; to surrender, relinquish or capitulate.
    They refuse to yield to the enemy.
    • Shakespeare:
      I'll make him yield the crown.
    • Milton:
      Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame.
  5. (intransitive) To give way; to succumb to a force.
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula, chapter 21:
      He turned the handle as he spoke, but the door did not yield. We threw ourselves against it. With a crash it burst open, and we almost fell headlong into the room.
  6. To produce as return, as from an investment.
    Historically, that security yields a high return.
  7. (mathematics) To produce as a result.
    Adding 3 and 4 yields a result of 7.
  8. (engineering, materials science, of a material specimen) To pass the material's yield point and undergo plastic deformation.
  9. (rare) To admit to be true; to concede; to allow.
    • Milton:
      I yield it just, said Adam, and submit.
Synonyms[edit]
  • submit - To fully surrender
  • capitulate - To end all resistance, may imply a compensation with an enemy or to end all resistance because of loss of hope
  • succumb - To fully surrender, because of helplessness and extreme weakness, to the leader of an opposing force
  • relent - A yielding because of pity or mercy
  • defer - A voluntary submitting out of respect, reverence or affection
  • give way - To succumb to persistent persuasion.
  • surrender - To give up into the power, control, or possession of another
  • cede - To give up, give way, give away
  • give up - To surrender
  • produce - To make (a thing) available to a person, an authority, etc.
  • bear - To produce something, such as fruit or crops
  • supply - To provide (something), to make (something) available for use
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English ȝeld, from Old English ġield, from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Compare West Frisian jild, Dutch geld, Low German and German Geld, Danish gjæld, Swedish gäld, Icelandic gjald. See also geld.

Noun[edit]

yield (plural yields)

  1. (obsolete) Payment; tribute.
  2. A product; the quantity of something produced.
    Zucchini plants always seem to produce a high yield of fruit.
  3. (law) The current return as a percentage of the price of a stock or bond.
    • 2013 July 6, “The rise of smart beta”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8843, page 68: 
      Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
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