در

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د ر ر (d-r-r).

Verb[edit]

دَرَّ (darra) I, non-past يَدِرُّ or يَدُرُّ‎ (yadirru or yadurru)

  1. to flow copiously
  2. to stream, to flow, to well
  3. to accrue
  4. to be abundant, to be plentiful

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَرّ (darrm

  1. milk, lactation
  2. achievement, accomplishment

Noun[edit]

دُرّ (durrm (collective)

  1. (colloquial) pearls

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Armenian դար (dar, high place, precipice).

Noun[edit]

در (der)

  1. side of a mountain

References[edit]

  • در” in Ferdinand Justi (1879), Dictionnaire Kurde-Français, St. Pétersbourg: L'Académie Impériale des Sciences
  • դար in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

در (dar)

  1. toward you (pronominal prefix of the second person)

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭩𐭭 (andar, in, among, towards, concerning), from Old Persian 𐎠𐎫𐎼 (atar, among, within).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Dari در
Iranian Persian در
Tajik дар (dar)

در (dar)

  1. at
    در خانه — at home
  2. in
    در کیف — in bag
  3. within, among
  4. to
  5. lid
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭡𐭠 (dar, gate, court, palace), from Old Persian 𐎯𐎺𐎼𐎹𐎠 (duvar-, door, gate), from Proto-Iranian (compare Kurdish derî, Ossetian дуар (dwar), Avestan dvarǝm), from Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Sanskrit द्वार (dvā́ra), Hindustani द्वार (dvār) / دوار (dvār)), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer- (gate, door). Other cognates include English door, German Tür, Armenian դուռ (duṙ), Irish doras and Russian дверь (dver’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari در
Iranian Persian در
Tajik дар (dar)

در (dar) (plural درها (dar-hâ))

  1. door
  2. (now rare) court
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

در (der)

  1. (dialectal, Mashhad) present stem form of دیشتن.
    حالا کم کم می‌بینُم کار دِرَه بالا می‌گیرِه.
    Hâlâ kam kam mibinom kâr dera bâlâ migire.

References[edit]

  • در in Francis Joseph Steingass (1892), A Comprehensive Persian-English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul