تو

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of ايت, from Proto-Malayic *(i)tu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)tu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)Cu.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

تو (tu)

  1. that (what is being indicated)

Pronoun[edit]

تو (tu)

  1. that (that thing)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Persian (compare 𐎬𐎺𐎶 (tuvam)), from Proto-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Compare Kurdish tu, Pashto ته (), Avestan 𐬙𐬏𐬨 (tūm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

Dari تو
Iranian Persian تو
Tajik ту (tu)

تو (to)

  1. you, thou (informal, grammatically singular)

See also[edit]

  • شما (formal, polite, and grammatically plural)

Noun[edit]

تو (tu)

  1. inside; interior

Usage notes[edit]

  • In this sense, the word is often used like a preposition, but with ezâfe so it is grammatically a noun.

Adjective[edit]

تو (tu)

  1. within; interior

Adverb[edit]

تو (tu)

  1. inside

Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

تو (?, Devanagari spelling: तू

  1. you, thou (informal, grammatically singular)

Declension[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

  • تو is least formal way of expressing "you" in Urdu and is used when addressing those of much lower social status or those one has a close enough relationship with to justify the reduced formality. Because the less formal forms could offend others, آپ is the safest way to express "you" unless there is reason to be less formal. The usage of تو varies. In some cases speakers would use it to refer to babies or children or even close friends, while others would use it only to refer to those they consider socially inferior, and some consider its use for people to be very rude in any situation. However تو, when used to address deities reflects a sense of reverence and closeness commensurate with the lack of formalities.

See also[edit]

  • آپ (highest formality, grammatically plural)
  • تم (mid level formality, grammatically plural)