آپ

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Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hap-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Compare Persian آب (âb), Kurdish av, Bakhtiari او (aw), Pashto اوبه, Avestan 𐬀𐬞 (ap), Sanskrit अप् (ap).

Noun[edit]

آپ (áp)

  1. water

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit आत्मन् (ātman)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

آپ (āp?, Devanagari spelling: आप

  1. you (formal, polite and grammatically plural)

Declension[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

  • آپ is the most formal way of expressing "you" in Urdu and is used when addressing elders or those higher in social status. Because less formal forms could offend others, آپ is the safest way to express "you" unless there is reason to be less formal.
  • Because آپ is grammatically plural (adjectives and verbs etc affected by it take their plural forms) even when there is only one person being referred to, the term آپ لوگ (literally: you people) can be used to specify that more than one person is being referred to because of T-V distinction.

See also[edit]

  • تم (tum) (mid level formality, grammatically plural)
  • تو (tū) (complete lack of human formality, grammatically singular)