आत्मन्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European *ētmen-. Cognates include Old High German ātum (breath) (whence German Atem), Tocharian A āñcäm (from a related root).

Noun[edit]

आत्मन् (ātmanm

  1. breath (RV.)
  2. soul, life (RV., AV., etc.)
  3. self
  4. nature, character
  5. a person as a whole, as opposed to their parts (VS., ŚBr.)
  6. body
  7. mind, understanding
  8. the world-soul
  9. effort (L.)
  10. firmness (L.)
  11. sun (L.)
  12. fire (L.)
  13. son (L.)

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

आत्मन् (ātman)

  1. (reflexive) a person in the predicate who is also the subject of the sentence

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0135