خود

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Persian[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian BNPŠE / 𐭡𐭭𐭯𐭱𐭤 (xwad), from Old Persian [script?] (huva), from Proto-Iranian *hṷabya-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sṷe- (reflexive pronoun), from the Proto-Indo-European *se-.[1] (compare Avestan [script?] (xʷaδata))

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

خود (xod)

  1. (reflexive) oneself
    • 2009, شادمهر عقیلی، تقدیر (Shadmehr Aghili, Taqdir)
      تو با خودت هم دشمنی.
      To bâ xodet ham došmani.
      You are an enemy even with yourself.
  2. (emphatic) one's own
    مادر خودت رو نمی‌شناسی؟
    Mâdar-e xodet ro nemi-šnâsi?
    Don't you recognize your own mother?
Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

خود (xod)

  1. self
Usage notes[edit]

In Modern Persian, when used as a noun, خود (xod) is often followed by a personal pronoun suffix, e.g. خودم (xodam, my self), خودت (xodat, your self), etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Parthian [Manichaean?] (xōδ, helmet), from Old Iranian. Compare Old Persian 𐎧𐎢𐎭𐎠 (xaudā-, hat) and Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian խոյր (xoyr), Arabic خوذة (xūḏa(t)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خود (xud) (plural خودها)

  1. helmet

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny 992