From Middle English al one (“alone”, literally “all one”), contracted from the Old English phrase eall āna (“entirely alone, solitary, single”), equivalent to al- (“all”) + one. Cognate with Scots allane (“alone”). Compare also West Frisian allinne (“alone”), Dutch alleen (“alone”), German allein (“alone”), Danish alene (“alone”). More at all, one.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈləʊn/
- (General American) IPA(key): /əˈloʊn/
- (Hong Kong) IPA(key): /ɐˈluŋ/
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- Rhymes: -əʊn
- Hyphenation: a‧lone
- one and once are pronounced differently from the related words alone, only and atone. Stressed vowels often become diphthongs over time (Latin bona → Italian buona and Spanish buena), and this happened in the late Middle Ages to the words one and once, first recorded ca 1400: the vowel underwent some changes, from ōn → ōōōn → wōn → wōōn → wŏŏn → wŭn.
- By oneself, solitary.
- I can't ask for help because I am alone.
- Apart from, or exclusive of, others.
- Jones alone could do it.
- God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move, and have our being.
- Considered separately.
2013 May 25, “No hiding place”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8837, page 74:
- In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result.
- Without equal.
2013 August 23, Ian Traynor, “Rise of Europe's new autocrats”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 11, page 1:
- Hungary's leader is not alone in eastern and southern Europe, where democratically elected populist strongmen increasingly dominate, deploying the power of the state and a battery of instruments of intimidation to crush dissent, demonise opposition, tame the media and tailor the system to their ends.
- (obsolete) Unique; rare; matchless.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
- Used after what it modifies.
alone (not comparable)
- By one's self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; solo.
- She walked home alone.
- Without outside help.
- The job was to hard for me to do alone.
- The responsibility is theirs alone.
- Unlike most focusing adverbs, alone typically appears after a noun phrase.
- Only the teacher knew vs. The teacher alone knew
- (by oneself): lone, lonely, single, solitary, solo
- (without outside help): singlehandedly, by myself
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
alone m (plural aloni)